Newsroom: A University of Texas Southwestern ophthalmologist shares techniques for cataract surgery complications

US Southwestern ophthalmologist Kishan G. Patel and colleagues current a number of methods for placement of the secondary intraocular lens in a current article. (Picture credit score: Getty Photos)

DALLAS – January 23, 2023 – Sufferers present process cataract surgical procedure often have their pure lenses changed with a man-made intraocular lens (IOL). Nonetheless, problems generally come up that require the location of a extra surgically troublesome secondary IOL.

Kishan J Patil, MD

A number of methods for secondary intraocular lens placement can be found, every with their very own benefits and drawbacks, in keeping with an ophthalmologist on the College of Southwestern College. Kishan J Patil, MDAssistant Professor in Division of Ophthalmology.

Dr. Patel, who focuses on retinal surgical procedure and complicated secondary placement of the lens of the attention, outlined 4 surgical methods for the process in a current challenge of retina at this time.

“There isn’t a consensus on the very best approach. The surgeon will resolve the popular methodology for a specific affected person based mostly on their particular situation,” stated Dr. Patel, lead creator of the assessment article.

UTSW’s Division of Ophthalmology is among the many high suppliers of secondary intraocular lenses in North Texas and past. The division is rising as a regional and nationwide useful resource within the placement of secondary IOL and related surgical procedures with extremely educated surgeons, superior gear and the power of surgeons to work collectively on complicated complicated instances when mandatory.

Cataracts, which is a clouding of the usually clear lens of the attention, often develop within the aged and finally result in visible impairment. Cataracts are handled with cataract removing adopted by intraocular lens placement. If there’s inadequate help within the eye for a traditional IOL, placement of a secondary IOL could also be mandatory.

Secondary lens surgical procedures in sufferers who not have their pure lenses, or in sufferers who’ve aphakia, a situation wherein there isn’t any lens, current challenges. On this article, Dr. Patel and three colleagues present a group of written descriptions and pictures detailing surgical recommendation for surgeons to assist them achieve caring for these sufferers.

For anterior chamber IOLs, or these positioned within the anterior chamber of the attention, the research gives perception into surgical approaches to cut back the chance of visible impairment attributable to surgical procedure, the newest intraocular lens fashions, and extra. The no-sew endotracheal fixation approach includes inserting an intraocular lens throughout the sclera, or white layer of the attention, with out the usage of stitches. For this system, the authors suggest the usage of intraocular lenses fabricated from a particular materials and minimal surgical manipulation to keep away from dislocation or motion of the intraocular lens.

For IOLs with sutures on the sclera, Dr. Patel and colleagues describe methods to forestall intraocular lens tilting and keep away from postoperative problems in addition to present steerage on most popular varieties of sutures and different methods to enhance outcomes. The ultimate approach for putting an intraocular lens includes fixing the lens contained in the iris, the coloured a part of the attention. For this process, the authors suggest the usage of a selected sort of suture and knot and description the maneuver for use for IOL fixation.

“Our assessment gives distinctive methods for addressing these difficult points,” stated Dr. Patel.

About UT Southwestern Medical Heart

UT Southwestern, one of many nation’s premier educational medical facilities, integrates groundbreaking biomedical analysis with distinctive scientific care and training. The establishment’s college has acquired six Nobel Prizes, and contains 24 members of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences, 18 members of the Nationwide Academy of Drugs, and 14 investigators of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Our 2,900-plus full-time college are chargeable for groundbreaking scientific developments and are dedicated to quickly translating scientific analysis into new scientific remedies. UT Southwestern physicians present care in additional than 80 specialties to greater than 100,000 hospitalized sufferers, greater than 360,000 emergency conditions, and oversee almost 4 million outpatient visits yearly.

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